What is the process for litigation?

Updated March 13, 2023.

Litigation begins with the filing of a lawsuit. Generally, the defendant responds to the lawsuit by serving an answer. Once the defendant responds, the parties often exchange relevant information through a process called discovery. After discovery is complete, the lawsuit can be resolved by the court or a jury at trial or by use of alternative dispute resolution techniques like mediation or arbitration. Even after the court makes a final determination, either party may appeal. At any point in the process, the parties can resolve the matter out of court if they are able to negotiate a settlement that is agreeable to all parties.

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